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Problems of Black Soil

Besides advantages of black soil, there are some disadvantages or problems of black soil. Those are listed below.

• Cracking when dry and swelling when wet makes them difficult to manage, unless they are cultivated at appropriate soil moisture levels. This makes black soil difficult to manage.

• Optimum conditions for tillage occur immediately after harvesting when the surface soil is still moist.

• Kharif in dependable rainfall areas (750mm-1250mm/yr) means considerable loss of water through runoff, considerable loss of nutrients, considerable soil erosion and loss of one crop.

• Poor drainage and water logging during rainfall

• Black soil have low fertility and are poor in organic matter, nitrogen, available phosphorous and zinc. The use of fertilizers and manures results in increased crop yield.